Figure 1: Impacted stool at esophageal inlet
Hina Omar1* Douglas Mills2 Asif Lakha21Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Internal Medicine, 1775 Dempster Street, Park Ridge, IL 60068, 847-723-2210, USA
2Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Division of Gastroenterology, 1775 Dempster Street, Park Ridge, IL 60068, 847-723-2210, USA
*Corresponding author: Hina Omar, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Internal Medicine, 1775 Dempster Street, Park Ridge, IL 60068, USA, Tel: 847-723-2210; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PICA; Coprophagia; Autism
49 year-old autistic male with history of pica presented from a nursing home with sialorrhea and regurgitation of liquids. The patient was intubated and upper endoscopic evaluation revealed impacted stool at the esophageal inlet (Figure 1). Multiple attempts to remove the stool were made with a net, a four prong-grasping device and rat tooth forceps. However, these were not successful, likely due to hard, impacted stool in the narrow esophageal inlet. Eventually, a biliary stone extraction balloon was used to break up the feces, and a nasogastric tube was placed into the stool and flushed with water. The stool then successfully passed into the stomach (Figure 2). The patient tolerated a general diet and was discharged to the nursing home in good condition. A follow-up Esophagogastroduodenoscopy performed six weeks later showed normal appearing esophagus with normal mucosa. Coprophagia is commonly regarded as a form of pica  and is most often reported in individuals with mental retardation, dementia or severe psychiatric illness. Behavioral modification is considered first line therapy especially in individuals with limited cognitive ability . Other treatments include supportive psychotherapy, elemental diets, medication, and in severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy .
Figure 2: Retroflexed view of dislodged stool
I Hina Omar am the author guarantor. All authors listed above were involved in the writing and editing of the manuscript. There is no financial support of the manuscript, and any potential financial or other conflicts of interest. Informed consent was obtained from the patient.
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- Sharma TR, Kavuru B, Aly M (2011) Coprophagia and pica in individuals with mild to moderate dementia and mixed (iron deficiency and macrocytic) anemia. J Am Geriatr Soc 59: 2375-2377. [Ref.]
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Aritcle Type: Image Article
Citation: Omar H, Mills D, Lakha A (2015) Fecal Impaction with a Twist: A Unique Case of Esophageal Inlet Obstruction. J Gastric Disord Ther 1 (1): doi http://dx.doi.org/10.16966/2381-8689.102
Copyright: © 2015 Omar H et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.