Associate Professor of Physical Therapy
Central Michigan University
Mount Pleasant, Michigan, USA
|Institution and Location||Degree||Year||Field of Study|
|University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences||D.H.Sc.||8/1996-1/1999||Health Science|
|Nova Southeastern University||Ph.D.||8/1999-8/ 2004||Physical Therapy|
Paul S. Sung is Associate Professor at Central Michigan University. He received his D.H.Sc degree from University of St. Augustine and a PhD degree from Nova Southeastern University. He has taught at several universities, including the University of Scranton, Des Moines University-Osteopathic Medical Center and Clarke University. His research interests include the mechanisms of chronic low back pain, and non-operative spine care and its clinical application to neuromuscular control. His work has been published in numerous articles in the field of clinical biomechanics, motion analysis, non-operative spine care and its clinical application to neuromuscular control.
Neuromuscular mechanisms of the spine, Trunk muscle activity patterns, Kinetic and Kinematic Analyses, and Non-Operative spine care and its clinical application to neuromuscular control.
|Aug. 2014- Present||Central Michigan University, Dept. of Physical Therapy||Associate Professor|
|Aug. 2014- July. 2016||The University of Scranton, Department of Physical Therapy||Associate Professor|
|2014 - 2016||University of Toledo, Departments of Bioengineering and Orthopaedic Surgery||Research Associate|
|2010 - 2013||Korea University, Department of Physical Therapy||Professor|
|2008 - 2010||Korea University, Department of Physical Therapy||Associate Professor|
|2001 - 2003||University of Iowa, Department of Biomedical Engineering||Research Associate|
|2001 - 2002||Des Moines University, Department of Physical Therapy||Assistant Professor|
|1998 - 2001||Clarke University, Department of Physical Therapy||Assistant Professor|
Membership in Scientific/Professional Organizations
|2007 to present||The International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine|
|1989 to present||American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)|
|2003 to present||Ohio Physical Therapy Association (OPTA)|
Honors and Awards
|2007||Merit Recognition Award for Research, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio|
|2006||Merit Recognition Award for Research, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio|
|1995||Therapist of the Year, State of Iowa, The CMS Therapies, Inc.|
|8/1985-8/1987||UAM Scholarship, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea|
- Sung P*, Danial P (2017) The quantified indices for compensatory patterns for low back pain and outcome measures. Book title: Innovations in Spinal Deformities and Postural Disorders, Intech Open Access Publisher, Rijeka, Croatia ISBN 978-953-51-5326-9 (In Print)
- Sung P*, Danial P. A kinematic symmetry index of gait pattern between older adults with and without low back pain. Spine (In Print)
- Sung P*, Maxwell M (2017) Kinematic chain reactions on trunk and dynamic postural steadiness in subjects with recurrent low back pain. Journal of Biomechanics 59: 109-115.
- Sung P*, Zipple T, Andraka J, Danial P (2017) The kinetic and kinematic stability measures in healthy adult subjects with and without flat foot. The Foot 30: 21-26.
- Sung P*, Danial P, Gates A (2017) New Perspective: Comprehensive Outcome Measurements for Chronic Ankle Instability. Foot Ankle Studies 1: 1-3.
- Sung P*, Danial P (2017) Analysis of relative kinematic index with normalized standing time between subjects with and without recurrent low back pain. European Spine Journal 26: 518-527.
- Sung P*, Zipple T, Danial P (2017) Gender differences in asymmetrical limb support patterns between subjects with and without recurrent low back pain. Human Movement Science 52: 36-44.
- Sung P* (2016) One leg standing test: A quantification of the neuromuscular system for spine research and practice. Journal of Pain & Reliefs 5: 1-3.
- Sung P*, Danial P, Dongchul C. Lee (2016) Comparison of the different kinematic patterns during lateral bending between subjects with and without recurrent low back pain. Clinical Biomechanics 38: 50-55
- Sung P* (2016) Kinematic analysis of ankle stiffness in subjects with and without navicular drop. The Foot 26: 58-63.
- Sung P* (2016) The ground reaction force thresholds for detecting postural stability in participants with and without flat foot. Journal of Biomechanics, 49: 60-65.
- Sung P*(2016) Different coordination and flexibility of the spine and pelvis during lateral bending between young and older adults. Human Movement Science 46: 229-38.
- Sung P*(2016) Relative index of ankle muscle activations on agonistic phase between subjects with and without flat foot. Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics 2: 129-138.
- Sung P*(2015) Kinetic and kinematic analyses of one leg standing on core spinal stability in subjects with recurrent low back pain. Journal of Pain and Relief 4: 1-5.
- Sung P* (2015) Expertise comments: Are we conducting research for research? Journal of Pain Management & Medicine 1:1-2.
- Sung P* (2015) How do resilience and low back dysfunction matter? International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 17: 714-716.
- Sung P* (2015) Research Highlights: Why is core spine integrity related to low back pain? Itch and Pain Journal 2: e932:1-9.
- Sung P*, Leininger P (2015) A kinematic and kinetic analysis of spinal region in subjects with and without recurrent low back pain during one leg standing. Clinical Biomechanics 30: 696-702.
- Sung P* (2014) A kinematic analysis for shoulder and pelvis coordination during axial trunk rotation in subjects with and without recurrent low back pain. Gait and Posture 40: 493-498.
- Sung P* (2014) New Perspective: Outcome Measurement Indices for Yoga Therapy. Journal of Yoga and Physical Therapy 4: 1-2.
- Yang JH, Suh SW, Sung P, Park WH* (2013) Asymmetrical gait in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. European Spine Journal 22: 2407-2413.
- Sung P* (2013) A compensation of angular displacements of the hip joints and lumbosacral spine between subjects with and without idiopathic low back pain during squatting. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 23: 741-45.
- Sung P* (2013) Disability and back muscle fatigability changes following two therapeutic exercise interventions in participants with recurrent low back pain. Medical Science Monitor 14: 40-48.
- Lee DC, Ham YW, Sung P* (2012) Effect of visual input on normalized standing stability in subjects with recurrent low back pain. Gait and Posture 36: 580-585.
- Park WH, Kim YH, Lee TR, Sung P* (2012) Factors affecting shoulder-pelvic integration during axial trunk rotation in subjects with recurrent low back pain. European Spine Journal 21: 1316-23.
- Sung P, Lee KJ, Park WH* (2012) Coordination of trunk and pelvis in young and elderly individuals during axial trunk rotation. Gait and Posture 36: 330-331.
- Rhee HS, Kim YH, Sung P* (2012) A randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of spinal stabilization exercise intervention based on pain level and standing balance differences in patients with low back pain. Medical Science Monitor 18: CR 174-181.
- Sung P*, Park WH, Kim YH (2012) Three-dimensional kinematic lumbar spine motion analyses of trunk motion during axial rotation activities. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques 25: E74-80.
- Song AY, Jo HJ, Sung P*, Kim YH (2012) A three-dimensional kinematic analysis of pelvic and lower extremity differences during trunk rotation in subjects with chronic low back pain. Physiotherapy 98: 160-166.
- Sung P* (2012) Nonlinear analysis of surface electromyography. Book title: EMG Methods for Evaluating Muscle and Nerve Function.133-156.
- Sung P*, Kim YH (2011) A kinematic analysis of symmetric axial trunk rotation on the dominant hip. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 48: 1029-1036.
- Lee TR, Kim YH, Sung P* (2011) A comparison of pain level and entropy changes following core stability exercise intervention. Medical Science Monitor 17: CR362-368.
- Jo HJ, Song AY, Lee KJ, Lee DC, Kim YH, Sung P* (2011) A kinematic analysis of relative stability of the lower extremities between subjects with and without chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 20: 297-303.
- Sung P*, Baek JY, Kim YH (2010) Reliability of the Intelligent Stretching Device for Ankle Stiffness Measurements in Healthy Individuals. The Foot 20: 126-132.
- Ham YW, Kim DM, Baek JY, Lee D, Sung P* (2010) Kinematic analyses of trunk stability in one leg standing for individuals with recurrent low back pain. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 20: 1134-1140.
- Sung P*, Yoon B, Lee D (2010) Lumbar spine stability for subjects with and without low back pain during one leg standing test. Spine 35: E753-E760.
- Sung P*, Ham YW (2010) Comparing postural strategy changes following adapted versus non-adapted responses in subjects with and without spinal stenosis. Manual Therapy 2010 15: 261-266.
- Lee TR, Kim YH, Sung P* (2010) Spectral and entropy changes for back muscle fatigability following spinal stabilization exercises. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 47: 133-142.
- Sung P*, Zurcher U, Kaufman M (2010) Reliability difference between spectral and entropic measures of erector spine muscle fatigability. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 20: 25-30.
- Sung P*, Lee D (2009) Gender differences in onset timing and activation of the dominant knee's muscles during stair climbing. The Knee 16: 375-380.
- Sung P*, Lammers A, Daher P (2009) Different parts of erector spinae muscle fatigability in subjects with and without low back pain. The Spine Journal 9: 115-120.
- Sung P*, Park H (2009) Gender difference in ground reaction force changes following perturbations in subjects with low back pain. Gait and Posture29: 290-295.
- Sung P*, Zurcher U, Kaufman M (2008) Gender differences in spectral and entropic measures of erector spinae muscle fatigue. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 45: 1431-1440.
- Kaufman, M*, Zurcher, U, Sung P (2007) Entropy of electromyography time series. Physical A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 386: 698-707.
- Pickar J*, Sung P, Kang Y, Ge W (2007) Response of lumbar paraspinal muscle spindles is greater to spinal manipulative loading compared with slower loading under length control. The Spine Journal 7: 583-595.
- Sung P*, Zurcher U, Kaufman M (2007) Comparison of spectral and entropic measures for surface EMG time series: A pilot study. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 44: 599-610.
- Sung P*, Zurcher U, Kaufman M (2005) Nonlinear analysis of electromyography time series as a diagnostic tool for low back pain. Medical Science Monitor 11: CS1-5.
- Sung P, Kang Y, Pickar J* (2005) Effect of spinal manipulation duration on low threshold mechanoreceptors in lumbar paraspinal muscles: a preliminary report. Spine 30: 115-122.
- Sung P*, Spratt K, Wilder D (2004) A possible methodological flaw in comparing dominant and non-dominant sided lumbar spine muscle responses without simultaneously considering hand-dominance. Spine 29: 1914-1922.
- Sung P* (2003) The efficacy of median frequency on multifidi muscles during one-minute back extension. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 84: 1313-1318.
- Sung P*, Bottomley J, Echternach J (1999) Post-hip fracture rehabilitation in sub acute care. Journal of Rehabilitation Outcomes Measurement 3: 1-48.