R. Jay Turner
Jay R Turner, PhD
Professor and Chair

Department of Psychiatry
Vanderbilt University


B.A Psychology California State University at Sacramento
Ph.D Sociology Syracuse University




Research Interest

  • Health Disparities
  • Stress Process
  • Social Stratification


Professional Activities:

2002-2010 Distinguished Research Professor
Marie E. Cowart Professor of Sociology and Epidemiology
Professor of Psychology, Florida State University
  1999-2002 Professor of Health and Urban Affairs and of Sociology
Director, Life Course and Health Research Center
Florida International University
1996 - 1999 Appointment as Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami
1997 - 1999 Appointment as Professor of Psychology, University of Miami
1995-1999 Research Professor of Sociology, University of Miami
1989 - 1995 Professor of Sociology, University of Toronto
1986 - 1989 Professor of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia
1986 - 1989 Co-Director, Social Psychiatry Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry,
University British Columbia.
1977 - 1986 Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London
1977 - 1986 Director, Health Care Research Unit, University of Western Ontario
1975 - 1986 Professor of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London
1972 - 1975 Associate Professor of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London
1972 Visiting Graduate Faculty Lecturer, University of Pennsylvania
(Medical and Psychiatric Sociology)
1969 - 1971 Visiting Associate Professor of Social Relations, Lehigh University
1968 - 1972 Associate Professor of Sociology and Psychiatry, Temple University, Departments of Sociology and Psychiatry
1968 – 1972 Director, Research Evaluation Unit, Temple University Community
Mental Health Center, Philadelphia. 


  1. Hetznecker, William, Elmer A. Gardner, Charles L. Odoroff, and R. Jay Turner. 1966. “Field Survey Methods in Psychiatry.” Archives of General Psychiatry 15:427-438.
  2. Turner, R. Jay. 1966. “Social Structure and Crisis: A Study of Nursing Organization Patient Adjustment.”  Community Mental Health Journal, 2 (4):285-292.
  3. Turner, R. Jay and Morton O. Wagenfeld. 1967. “Occupational Mobility and Schizophrenia: An Assessment of the Social Causation and Social Selection Hypothesis.”  American Sociological Review 32 (1):104-113.
  4. Wagenfeld, Morton O., R. Jay Turner and Gary Labreche. 1967.  “Social Relations and Community Tenure in Schizophrenia.”  Archives of General Psychiatry 17:428-434.
  5. Turner, R. Jay and Lawrence J. Zabo. 1968. “Social Competence and Schizophrenic Outcome: An Investigation and Critique.”  Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 9(1).
  6. Turner, R. Jay. 1968. “Social Mobility and Schizophrenia.”  Journal of Health and Social Behaviour  9(3).
  7. Turner, R. Jay. 1968. “Class and Mobility in Schizophrenic Outcome.” Psychiatric Quarterly  43:712-725.
  8. Turner, R. Jay, Gary Labreche and Lawrence J. Zabo. 1969. “Social Class and Participation in Outpatient Care by Schizophrenics.”  Community Mental Health Journal 5(5).
  9. Turner, R. Jay, Lawrence J. Zabo, Joann Raymond and James Diamond. 1969. “Field Survey Methods in Psychiatry: The Effects of Sampling Strategy Upon Findings in Research on Schizophrenia.” Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 10(4).
  10. Turner, R. Jay, Leslie S. Dopkeen and Gary P. Labreche. 1970. “Marital Status and Schizophrenia: A Study of Incidence and Outcome.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology 76(1):110-116.
  11. Turner, R. Jay and Elmer Gardner. June 1970. “Epidemiological Data for Mental Health Center Planning - Field Survey Methods in Social Psychiatry: The Problem of the Lost Population.”  American Journal of Public Health.
  12. Turner, R. Jay. 1970. “Research Strategy for a Pressing Question.” A review essay on “Social Status and Psychological Disorder: A Causal Inquiry” by Dohrenwend and Dohrenwend.  Science 167:1363-1365.
  13. Turner, R. Jay. 1972. “The Epidemiological Study of Schizophrenia: A Current Appraisal.”  Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 13.
  14. Turner, R. Jay. 1977. “Jobs & Schizophrenia.”  Social Policy 8(1):32-40.
  15. Agrawal, A., Sheppard G. Kellam and R. Jay Turner. 1978. “The Woodlawn Mental Health Studies: Tracking children and families for long-term follow-up.”  American Journal of Public Health, 68(2):139-141.
  16. Turner, R. Jay and John Gartrell. 1978. “Social Factors in Psychiatric Outcome: Toward the Resolution of Interpretive Controversies.” American Sociological Review 43:368-382.
  17. Kellam, Sheppard G., Margaret E. Ensminger and R. Jay Turner. 1979. “Family Structure and the Mental Health of Children: Concurrent and Longitudinal Community-Wide Studies.”  Archives of General Psychiatry 34:1012-1022.
  18. Turner, R. Jay. 1981. “Social Support as a Contingency in Psychological Well-Being.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 22:357-367.
  19. Frankel, B. Gail and R. Jay Turner. August 1983. “Psychological Adjustment in Chronic Disability: The Role of Social Support in the Case of the Hearing Impaired.”  Canadian Journal of Sociology.
  20. Turner, R. Jay and Samuel Noh. 1983. “Class and Psychological Vulnerability Among Women: The Significance of Social Support and Personal Control.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 24:2-15.
  21. Wood, D. William, and R. Jay Turner. 1985. “The Prevalence of Physical Disability in Southwestern Ontario.”  Canadian Journal of  Public Health 26:262-265.
  22. Turner, R. Jay and William R. Avison. 1985. “Assessing Risk Factors for Problem Parenting: The Significance of Social Support.”  Journal of Marriage and the Family 47(4):881-892.
  23. Stemp, Peter, R. Jay Turner and Samuel Noh. 1986. “Psychological Distress in the Post-Partum Period: The Significance of Social Support.” Journal of Marriage and the Family (May):111-116.
  24. Avison, William R. and R. Jay Turner. 1986. “Screening for Problem Parenting: Preliminary Evidence on a Promising Measure.” International Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect 10(2):157-170.
  25. Noh, Samuel and R. Jay Turner. 1987. “Living with Psychiatric Patients: Implications for the Mental Health of Family Members.”  Social Science and Medicine 25(3):263-277.
  26. Turner, R. Jay and Samuel Noh. 1988. “Physical Disability and Depression: A Longitudinal Analysis.”  Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 29:23-27.
  27. Avison, William and R. Jay Turner. 1988. “Stressful Life Events and Depressive Symptoms: Disaggregating the Effects of Acute Stressors and Chronic Strains.”  Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 29(3):253-265.
  28. Beiser, Morton, R. Jay Turner and Soma Ganesan. 1989. “Catastrophic Stress and Factors Affecting its Consequences among Southeast Asian Refugees.”  Social Science and Medicine 28(3):183-195.
  29. Turner, R. Jay and William R. Avison. 1989. “Gender and Depression: Assessing Exposure and Vulnerability to Life Events in a Chronically Strained Population.” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 177(8):443-455, Serial No. 1281.
  30. Turner, R. Jay and Peter D. McLean. 1989. “Physical Disability and Psychological Distress.”  Rehabilitation Psychology  34:225- 242.
  31. Grindstaff, Carl F. and R. Jay Turner. 1989. “Structural Factors Associated with Birth Complications in Adolescent Fertility.”  Canadian Journal of Public Health 80:214-220.
  32. Turner, R. Jay and Morton Beiser. 1990. “Major Depression and Depressive Symptomatology Among the Physically Disabled: Assessing the Role of Chronic Stress.” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 178:343-350.
  33. Turner, R. Jay, Carl F. Grindstaff and Norman Phillips. 1990. “Social Support and Outcome in Teenage Pregnancy.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 31:43-57.
  34. Turner, R. Jay and William R. Avison. 1992. “Innovations in the Measurement of Life Stress: Crisis Theory and the Significance of Event Resolution.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 33:36-50.
  35. Morton Beiser, Phyllis J. Johnson and R. Jay Turner. 1993. “The Mental Health Effects of Unemployment and Underemployment on Southeast Asian Refugees,” Psychological Medicine 23:731-43.
  36. Turner, R. Jay and Franco Marino. 1994. “Social Support and Social Structure: A Descriptive Epidemiology.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 35(3):193-212.
  37. Turner, R. Jay,  Blair Wheaton and Donald Lloyd. 1995. “The Epidemiology of Social Stress.” American Sociological Review 60:104-124.
  38. Turner, R. Jay and Donald A. Lloyd.1995. “Lifetime Traumas and Mental Health: The Significance of Cumulative Adversity.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 36:360-375.
  39. Turner, R. Jay, Donald A. Lloyd and Patricia Roszell. 1999. “Personal Resources and the Social Distribution of Depression.” Journal of Community Psychology 27(5):643-672.
  40. Turner, R. Jay and Donald A. Lloyd. 1999. “The Stress Process and the Social Distribution of Depression.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 40:374-404.
  41. Turner, Heather A. and R. Jay Turner. 1999. “Gender and Depression: The Significance of Emotional Reliance.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 40:360-373.
  42. Turner, R. Jay, Anne Sorenson and J. Blake Turner. 2000. “Social Contingencies in Mental Health: A Seven Year Follow-Up Study of Teenage Mothers.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 62:777-791.
  43. Taylor, John and R. Jay Turner. 2001. “A Longitudinal Study of the Role and Significance of Mattering to Others for Depressive symptoms.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42(3):310-325.
  44. Eitle, David and R. Jay Turner. 2002. “Exposure to Community Violence and Young Adult Crime: The Effects of Witnessing Violence, Traumatic Victimization, and Other Stressful Life Events.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 39:214-237.
  45. Taylor, John and R. Jay Turner. 2002. “Perceived Discrimination, Social Stress, and Depression in the Transition to Adulthood: Racial Contrasts.” Social Psychology Quarterly 65 (3), 213-225.
  46. Turner, R. Jay and Andres Gil. 2002. “Psychiatric and Substance Disorders in South Florida: Racial/Ethnic and Gender contrasts in a Young Adult Cohort.” Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 43-50.
  47. Iwata, Noboru, R. Jay Turner and Donald A. Lloyd. 2002. “Race/Ethnicity and Depressive Symptoms in Community-Dwelling  Young Adults: A Differential Item Functioning Analysis.” Psychiatry Research, 110, 241-286.
  48. Shraedley, Pamela K., R. Jay Turner and Ian H. Gotlib. 2002. “Stability of Retrospective Reports in Depression.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 307-316.
  49. Gil, Andres G., William A. Vega and R. Jay Turner. 2002. “Early Adolescent Predictors of Serious Substance Use Problems Among Adult African Americans and European Americans.”  Public Health Reports, 117, Supplement 1:S15-29.
  50. Turner, R. Jay and Donald Lloyd. 2003. “Cumulative Adversity and Drug Dependence in Young Adults: Racial/Ethnic Contrasts. Addiction, 98, (3), 292-305 .
  51. Turner, R. Jay. 2003. The Pursuit of Socially Modifiable Contingencies in Mental Health.  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44 (1), 1-17.
  52. Eitle, David and R. Jay Turner. 2003. “Stress Exposure, Race and Young Adult Male Crime.” Sociological Quarterly, 44:243-269.
  53. Turner, R. Jay and William R. Avison. 2003. “Status Variations in Stress Exposure Among Young Adults:  Implications for the Interpretation of Prior Research.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44, 488-505.
  54. Johnson, Sheri L., R. Jay Turner and Noboru Iwata. 2003. “BIS/BAS Levels and Psychiatric Disorder: An Epidemiological Study.” Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 25:25-36.
  55. Eitle, David, R. Jay Turner and Tamela Eitle. 2003.  “The Deterrence Hypothesis Reexamined: Sports Participation and Substance Use Among Young Adults.  Journal of Drug Issues, 33:193-222.
  56. Lloyd, Donald A. and R. Jay Turner. 2003. “Cumulative Adversity and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Evidence from a Diverse Community Sample of Young Adults.”  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 73:381-391.
  57. Turner, R. Jay, John Taylor and Karen Van Gundy. 2004. “Ethnicity, Personal Resources, and Depression in Young Adulthood.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45, (March): 34-52.
  58. Turner, J. Blake and R. Jay Turner. 2004. “Physical Disability, Unemployment and Mental Health.”  Rehabilitation Psychology, 49, No.3, 241-249.
  59. Turner, R. Jay and Donald A. Lloyd. 2004.  “Stress Burden and the Lifetime Incidence of Psychiatric Disorder in Young Adults: Racial/Ethnic Contrasts.”  Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, (May), 481-488.
  60. Lopez, Barbara, R. Jay Turner and Lissette M. Saavedra. 2005. “AnxietyDisorder and Risk for Substance Use Problems in Young Adulthood.” Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 275-294.
  61. Turner, Heather A. and R. Jay Turner. 2005 “Understanding Variations in Exposure to Social Stress.”  Health:An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health Illness and Medicine, Vol.9(2: 209-240.
  62. Barrett, Anne and R. Jay Turner. 2005  “Family Structure and Mental Health: The Mediating Effects of Socioeconomic Status, Family Process, and Social Stress.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46, 156-170.
  63. Warner, Lynn, Avelardo valdez, William Vega, Mario de la Rosa, R. Jay Turner, Glorisa Canino. 2006. " Hispanic Drug Abuse in an Evolving Cultural Context: An Agenda for Research."  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 84S, 8-16.
  64. Barrett, Anne E. and R. Jay Turner.  (2006) Family Structure and Substance Use Problems in Adolescence and Young Adulthood.  Addiction, 101, 109-120.
  65. Turner, R. Jay, Lloyd, Donald A. and John Taylor. 2006.   “Stress Burden, Drug Dependence, and the Hispanic Nativity Paradox.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 83(1), 79-89.
  66. Turner, R. Jay, Lloyd, Donald A. and John Taylor.  (2006)  “Physical Disability and Mental Health: An Epidemiology of Psychiatric and Substance Disorders.  Rehabilitation Psychology, 51(3), 214-223.
  67. Turner, R. Jay, Glover, Regan, Hutto, Pamela and David Russell.  2007. “The Social Distribution and Antecedents of Anger Proneness. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 48: 68-73.
  68. Whitesell, Nancy Janette Beals, christina Mitchell, Ellen Keane, Paul Spicer and R. Jay Turner. 2007. "The Relationsip of Cumulative and Proximal Adversity to Onset of Substance Dependence Symptoms in two American Indiain Communities, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 91, 279-288.
  69. Lloyd, Donald A. and R. Jay Turner.  2008.  "Cumulative Lifetime Adversities and Alcohol Dependence in Adolescence and Young Adulthood," Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 93, 217-226.
  70. Reynolds, John R. and R. Jay Turner.  2008.  "Major Life Events, their Personal Meaning, Resolution and Mental Health Significance,"  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 49 (2), 223-237.
  71. Gayman, Mathew D., R. Jay Turner, and Ming Cui. (2008) “Physical Limitations and Depressive symptoms: Exploring the Nature of the Association.” Journal of Gerontology-SOCIAL SCIENCES, 63b, (4) S219-S228.
  72. Russell, David, R. Jay Turner, and Thomas E. Joiner (2009) “Physical disability and Suicidal Ideation: A Community-Based Study of Risk/Protective Factors for Suicidal Thoughts.”  Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior.
  73. Buckner, Julia D. and R. Jay Turner.  2009.”Social Anxiety Disorder as a Risk Factor for Alcohol Use Disorders: A prospective Examination of Parental and Peer Influences.”  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 100, 128-137.
  74. Whitesell, N.R., Beals, J., Mitchell, C. M., Manson, S.M., Turner, R. J., and the AI-SUPERPFP Team.  2009.  Childhood Exposure to Adversity and Risk of Substance-Use Disorder in Two American Indian Populations: The Mediational  Role of Early Substance-Use  Initiation.  Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 70, 971-982.
  75. Brown, Robyn Lewis and R. Jay Turner. (2010) Physical Disability and Depression: Clarifying Racial/Ethnic Contrasts.  Journal of Aging and Health, 22, (7), 977-1000.
  76. Gayman, Mathew D., R. Jay Turner, Henry Eliassen, and Andre Cislo (2011). Early Adolescent Family Experiences and Perceived Social Support in Young Adulthood. Journal of Early Adolescence, 31, (6) 880-908.
  77. Brown, Robin L. and R. Jay Turner.  (2012) Physical Limitations and Anger: Stress Exposure and Assessing the Role of Psychosocial Resources.”  Society and Mental Health, Vol. 2 (2) 69-85.
  78. Turner, R. Jay (2013) Understanding Health Disparities: The Relevance of the Stress Process Model. Society and Mental Health, 3, (3), 170-187.