Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, PhD
Professor of Vision Science, Physics, ECE and System Design Engineering

University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Phone: +1 519-888-4567 ext.38167
Mobile: +1 202-460-3995


Degree Year Field of Study Institution and Location
PhD 1979-1985 Optics and Vision Science University of California, Berkeley
  1978-1979 Chemical Physics University of Oregon, Eugene
M.Sc. 1976-1978 Theoretical Physics University of Madras, India
B.Sc 1973-1976 Physics, Math and Chemistry University of Madras, India


V. Lakshminarayanan (Ph.D. University of California at Berkeley) is currently a professor of vision science, physics, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Systems Design Engineering at the University of Waterloo. He has held visiting and faculty appointments at the universities of California at Berkeley, at Irvine, University of Missouri, the University of Michigan, Glasgow Caledonian University, Ryerson University and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. More recently he was a GIAN professor of physics at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras in 2016 and an International Visiting Professor of Biophotonics at Università degli Studi di Brescia, Italy (2017). .  He has had numerous honors, including Fellow of OSA, SPIE, AAAS, APS, IoP, etc. And the recipient of a number of awards including the Esther Hoffman Beller medal of OSA (2013), and the Optics Educator award of SPIE (2011).  He was a KITP Scholar at the Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of California at Santa Barbara.  He was an AAAS science and technology policy fellow finalist and serves on the optics advisory board of the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy (since 2003).   He is a founding member of the UNESCO  ALOP program.  He also served as member at large of the US IUPAP committee of the NAS, the Chair of the US International Commission on Optics committee, Chair of the APS Committee on International Scientific Affairs, a member of the international advisory committee of the International Year of Light 2015, a member of the education committee of the National Photonics Initiative, a member of the Public Policy committee of the American Physical Society and has served as a director of OSA (2002-2004).  He is a consultant to the ophthalmic and medical devices section of the FDA (from 2013). He is technical editor or section editor of a number of journals including Journal of Modern Optics (from 2003) and Optics Letters (from 2010-2016).  More recently he finished a term as Chair of the education committee of SPIE (2015-2017), and serves on a number of NIH panels.   He has authored or edited about 14 books, and over 300 publications in topics ranging from optical physics and engineering, neuroscience, bioengineering, applied math and ophthalmology/optometry.

Research Interest

  • Classical and visual optics
  • Optical system design, science and engineering
  • Psychophysics/human factors
  • Visual perception, visual optics math modelling
  • Biomedical image processing

Scientific Activities

Professional and Academic appointments
2016-Present Professor of Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo
2015-Present Adjunct Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto
2013-2016 Visiting Scholar, Dept. of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
2013-2014 Visiting Professor, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. Michigan
2013-Present Member, Academic Council, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
2011-Present Center for Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Univ. Waterloo
2010-2013 Associate, Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Ann Arbor, MI.
2007   Visiting professor, physics dept., Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
2006-Present Professor of vision science, physics and electrical and computer engineering, University of Waterloo
2005 Royal Society of Edninburgh Visiting Professor, Glasgow Caledonian University
2001-2005 “KITP Scholar”,Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, UC-Santa Barbara
 1993-2006 Assistant and Associate Professor of Physics and Optometry, University of Missouri
1993-1994 Adjunct Associate Professor, Dept. of Cognitive Sciences, University of California, Irvine.
1991-1993 Principal Clinical Research  Scientist:  Allergan Therapeutics, Irvine, CA
1986-1991 Assistant Research Scientist: School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley
Honors (Selected)
2017     International Visiting Professor of Biophotonics, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Italy.
2016    GIAN Professor, Dept. of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
2016    Invited Speaker, International Year of Light closing ceremony, Merida, Mexico
2015    Best Paper Award, Optronix 2015, Vacouver, BC. IEEE Photonics meeting.
2015    Invited Speaker, Jerome Wiesner Symposium on the role of the University in Science Policy,University of Michigan
2015 Invited Speaker, Heritage of Ibn al Haytham and the Golden Age of Islamic Science, UNESCO.
2014-2013 Saturday Morning Physics Speaker, University of Michigan
Keynote speaker, ETOP, Porto, Portugal
2013 AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellowship Finalist
2013 Visiting Lecturer, Ecole Superiore des Communication, Tunis, Tunisa
2013 Visiting Lecturer, Universidad de Valle, Cali, Colombia
2013 Esther Hoffman Beller medal, Optical Society of America
2012 Senior Member, IEEE
2011  Optics Educator Award, SPIE
2010 Fellow of the American Physical Society (only 1/2% of physicists are elected fellows)
2007 Fellow of AAAS
2006 Optics Medal, OSI award for distinguished contributions to Optics, Optical Society of India, biennial award.
2006 Optical Society of India
2005 Fellow of SPIE- International Society for Optical Engineering
1988-2014 Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry
1999 Fellow of the Institute of Physics, UK
1998 Fellow of the Optical Society of America


  1. J.R Ehrlich, L.Ojeda, D.Wicker,A.Howson, V. Lakshminarayanan, S. Moroi, Head-Mounted Display Technology for Low Vision Rehabilitation and Vision Enhancement, American Journal of Ophthalmology, invited, april 2017,
  2. H.Leopold, J.Orchard, J.Zelek, V.Lakshminarayanan, Segmentation and Feature Extraction of Retinal Vascular Morphology, Proc. SPIE 10133, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Processing, 101330V; doi:10.1117/12.2253744;
  3. M.J.Purcell, M.Kumar,S.Rand, V. Lakshminarayanan, Holographic imaging through a scattering medium by diffuser-aided statistical averaging, J.Opt.Soc. Am. A., 33:1291-1297 ,, 2016
  4. A.Bakroon, V. Lakshminarayanan, Visual Function in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Exp. Clin. Optometry, DOI:10.1111/cxo.12383, 2016.
  5. V.Lakshminarayanan & M.K. Parthasarathy, Biomimetic optics: visual systems, J. Modern Optics, DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2016.1224939, 2016.
  6. A.Almazroa , S.Alodhayb , E.Osman , E.Ramadan , M.Hummadi , M.Dlaim , M.Alkatee,  K.Raahemifar, V. Lakshminarayanan,Agreement between ophthalmologists in marking the optic disc and optic cup in fundus images,Int. Ophthalmol., DOI 10.1007/s10792-016-0329-x 2016
  7. V. Lakshminarayanan, H.Ghalila, L.S.Varadharajan, A.Ammar, The role of simulations in optics education, Optics Education and Outreach IV, edited by G. Groot Gregory, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 9946, 99460N,  DOI: 10.1117/12.2236159, 2016
  8. M. Jamshedi,H.Rabbani,Z.Amini,R.Kafieh,A.Ommani and V.Lakshminarayanan Automatic Detection of the Optic Disk of the Retina: A New Method, J. Med. Signals and Sensors, 6:57-63, 2016.
  9. A. Almazroa, S. Alodhayb, R. Burman, W. Sun, K. Raahemifar, V. Lakshminarayanan, Optic Cup Segmentation Based on Extracting Blood Vessel Kinks and Cup Thresholding Using type-II Fuzzy Approach, Proc. 2nd international Conference on Opto-Electronics, Vancouver, BC., IEEE Explore, DOI: 10.1109/OPTRONIX.2015.7345519 2016; Best paper award.
  10. A Gopalakrishnan, A.Almazroa, K.Raahemifar, V.Lakshminarayanan, Optic Disc Segmentation using Circular Hough Transform and Curve Fitting, Proc. 2nd international Conference on Opto-Electronics, Vancouver, BC., IEEE Explore, DOI: 10.1109/OPTRONIX.2015.7345530 2016.
  11. C. Thatiparthi, A. Ommani, R. Burman, D. Thapa, N.Hutchings and V. Lakshminarayanan,  Comparison of Performance of Some Common Hartmann-Shack Centroid Estimation Methods, BIOS,  Proc. SPIE. 9693, Ophthalmic Technologies XXVI, 969321. doi: 10.1117/12.2219857, 2016.
  12. V. Lakshminarayanan and A.C.McBride, The use of high technology in STEM education, Proc. SPIE, vol. 3793, eds. E.Cormier and L. Sargent,DOI: 10.1117/12.223062, 2015. Invited paper
  13. D.Thapa, R.Raahemifar, V. Lakshminaryanan, Reduction of speckle noise from Optical Coherence Tomography images using multi-frame weighted nuclear norm minimization method J. Mod. Optics, special issue on OCT.  J. Modern Optics,. DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2015.1068392, 2015.
  14. S. Nandy and V. Lakshminarayanan, Dark and bright soliton in nonlinear optical fiber using the decomposition method, J. Optics, DOI: 10.1007/s12596-015-0270-9, 2015.
  15. D.Thapa, K.Raahemifar, W.Bobier, V. Lakshminarayanan, A comparative survey of super-resolution algorithms, Comp. Elec. Engineering,, 2015
  16. S.Mohanty, V.Lakshminarayanan, Optical Techniques in Optogenetics, DOI:  10.1080/09500340.2015.1010620 , Invited, Journal of Modern Optics,  2015.
  17. N.Sharma, V. Lakshmianrayanan, Retinal Response to Departure from Perfect Power Coupling: Implications for the Stiles Crawford Effect, J. Mod. Optics, DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2015.1014439, 2015.
  18. D.Thapa, K.Raahemifar, V. Lakshminarayanan, Less is More; Compressive Sensing, invited paper, J. Mod.  Optics, DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2014.966793, 2014
  19. A.Ommani, D.Thapa, N.Hutchings, V. Lakshminarayanan, The impact of pupil scaling on the estimation of aberrations with natural pupils,  Optom. Vision Sci., 91: 117511182, 2014
  20. G.Ropars, A.LeFloch, V. Lakshminarayanan, The Sunstone and polarized skylight: ancient Viking navigational tools?, Contemp. Physics, DOI: 10.1080/00107514.2014.929797,2014.
  21. V. Jayakumar, N.Hutchings,L. Jones, V. Lakshminarayanan, Are fluctuations in dynamic anterior surface aberrations of the human eye chaotic? Optics Letters, 38:5208-5211, 2013
  22. M. Viana, V. Lakshminarayanan, Symmetry studies of refraction data, J. Mod. Optics, DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2013.871587, 2014.
  23. D.Thapa, K.Raahemifar, W.Bobier, V. Lakshminarayanan, A comparison of super-resolution algorithms applied to retinal images, J. Biomedical Optics,  19 (5), 056002  doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.19.5.056002, 2014
  24. V. Rajaram and V. Lakshminarayanan, Visual Attention deficits in reading disability, Opt. & Visual Performance, 1:141-148, 2013.
  25. V.Rajaram, V. Lakshminarayanan, A note on Image degradation, disability glare and binocular vision, J. Modern Optics, special issue on radiometry and Photometry, DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2013.826390, 2013.
  26. A. Yildrim , A. Gokdogan,  M. Merdan  and V.  Lakshminarayanan, Numerical Approximations to Solution of Ray tracing through the crystalline lens, Ch. Physics Letters, 29: 074202, 2012
  27. M.Ramamurthy, J. Hovis and V. Lakshminarayanan, Acceptability ratings for simulated image distortions of static images corresponding to different viewing angles for a flat panel display, Proceedings of CGIV, Pages 31-35, Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2012.
  28. V, Lakshminarayanan, The global problem of blindness and visual dysfunction, Photonic Innovations and Solutions for Complex Environments and Systems; invited paper. Proc. SPIE 8482, 10.1117/12.928050, 2012.
  29. G. Ropars, A.LeFloch, J.M.Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, Direct naked eye detection of chiral and Faraday effects in white light, Europhysics Letters, 97: 64002 2012.
  30. V. Lakshminarayanan, A.Fleck,  Zernike Polynomials: a guide,  J. Mod. Optics, invited review, 58:545-561,2011.

Books (past 10 years)

  1. M. Viana and V. Lakshminarayanan, Dihedral Fourier Analysis, Springer, Heidelberg, 2013
  2. V. Lakshminarayanan, M.L.Calvo, T.Aliyeva, Mathematical Optics; Classical, Quantum and Computational Methods, CRC/Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, FL., 2012
  3. V.Sahni, V. Lakshminarayanan, D.P.Srivastava, Quantum Information Systems, McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2011
  4. M.Bass, C.DeCusatis, J.M.Enoch, V.Lakshminarayanan, G.Li, C.Macdonald, V.Mahajan. E.Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, 3rd Edition, 5 volumes, McGraw Hill, NY, 2010
  5. M.L.Calvo and V. Lakshminarayanan, Optical Waveguides: From Theory to Applied Technologies, CRC Press, Bocal Raton, FL, 2007.
  6. V. Lakshminarayanan and I. Bhattacharya, Advances in Optical Sciences and Engineering, Springer, 2015.
  7. V. Lakshminarayanan and L.S.Varadharajan, Special Functions in Optical Science and Engineering, SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, 2016.
  8. M.Viana and V. Lakshminarayanan, Symmetry in Optics and Vision Science and Vision: Diheddral Aspects, Taylor and Francis/CRC Press, 2017 (in press).
  9. R.Rashed, A.Boudrioua, V. Lakshminarayanan, Light Based Science: Technology and Sustainable Development, Taylor and Francis/CRC Press, May 2017.
  10. K. Srinivasa Rao and V. Lakshminarayanan, The Gauss Hypergeometric Equation Group Theoretical Aspects, Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol, UK, In preparation, 2017.

Book Chapters (selected from the last 10 years)

  1. Lakshminarayanan V., Lenses and Optics of the Eye, Module 2, Active Learning in Optics and Photonics, Ed., D. Sokoloff, United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization, Paris, Pages 81-106, 2006. (translated into French, Arabic and  Spanish).
  2. V. Lakshminarayanan, Light detection and sensitivity, Chapter 2.1.2, Handbook of Video Technology, ed. J.Chen et al, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2012.
  3. V.Lakshminarayanan, D.Thapa, H.Rabbani, K.Raahemifar, Compressive Sensing, Encyclopedia of Optics, ed. T. Brown, et al., Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/9783527600441.oe1020, 2015
  4. V. Lakshminarayanan and M.Ramamurthy, Human Vision and Perception, Handbook of Advanced Lighting Technology, Springer, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-00295-8_46-1, 2015
  5. J.Bertranpetit, J.Biegert and V. Lakshminarayanan, Fast, The Wonders of Light, ed. M. Garcia-Matos and L.Torner, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, Chapter 7, 2015.
  6. H. Leopold, J.Zelek, V. Lakshminarayanan, Deep Learning Methods Applied to Retinal Image Analysis  in Biomedical signal processing in big data, ed. E.Sejdic and T.Falk, CRC Press, in press, summer, 2017.

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