Moshi Geso
Moshi Geso
Associate Professor of Medical Sciences 
RMIT University –Bundoora Campus
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Phone: 99257991




  • Graduated with Bachelor degree in science – specialised in Physics University of Mousel –Iraq in 1972
  • Master degree in physics University of Baghdad – Iraq 19776. The degree was based on one year course work in advanced physics and a thesis based on research in the area of radiation detectors.
  • Completed PhD degree in intermediate energy nuclear and particle physics from University of California at Los Angeles – USA in 1988. One and a half year advanced physics course work then research based thesis. The research was conducted at Los Alamos national laboratory using 800 MeV proton beam.
  • Since 1991 changed field to medical physics and started teaching and research at the department of medical radiations RMIT University as lecturer.
  • In 1998 promoted to senior lecture and 2006 to associate professor.
  • Supervised 9 PhD students to completion in the field of Medical Physics – radiations. Most of the projects were based n applications of nanoparticles in radiologic imaging and radiotherapy particularly dosimetry.  Also moved into radiobiology where lately involved in few projects in this field where nanomaterials are included in the biological studies.


Research Interest

Effects of nanoparticles on the radiologic imaging
Radiation dose enhancements by nanoparticles
Radiobiological effects of nanoparticles mainly in vitro studies
All technical aspects of radiation therapy
Radiologic image quality
Proton beam radiotherapy
Radiation dosimetry in general

Professional Activities:




Title:FDG PET/CT Scans of ExtrapulmonaryTuberculosis , Scanning Techniques and Protocoles for Image Quality Improvement,Authors:HairilRashmizal Abdul razik, Moshi Geso, and JalilNordinPublisher:LAMBERT             ISBN: 978-3-659-19439-9Date:   2012

Book Chapters:

  1. C Wong, and M Geso, “Microdosimetry and small field measurements in Polymer gels” In Book; World Congress on Medical Physics & Biomedical Engineering, 2006, Vol 3, Chapter 11.
  2. C Wong and M Geso, “Photonuclear activation of oxygen & copper with high energy x-ray or electron beams”, In Book: World congress on Medical Physics & Engineering, 2006, Vol4, Chapter 12.

Journal Articles:

  1. Alqathami M, Belencowe A, and Geso M, “ Quantitative 3D determination of radiosensitization by bismuth-based nanoparticles’ 2015, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, Vol 12, PP:1-8
  2. MamdoohAlqathami, Anton Blencowe b,  Moshi Geso c, Geoffrey Ibbott a, “
  3. Characterization of novel water-equivalent PRESAGE® dosimeters for megavoltage and kilovoltage beam dosimetry”, Radiation Measurements, Volume 74, March 2015,  Pages 12-19
  4. Clare L. Smith , Trevor Ackerly  , Stephen P. Best , Frank Gagliardi a, e , KatahiraKie , Peter J. Little , Giulia McCorkell , Charlotte A. Sale , Yusuke Tsunei c , Takahiro Tominaga, Sioe See Volaric f , Moshi Geso*, ”Determination of dose enhancement caused by gold-nanoparticles irradiated with proton, X-rays (kV and MV) and electron beams, using alanine/EPR dosimeters”, Radiation Measurements, 82 (2015) 122e128
  5. Jae Ik Shin, et al Moshi Geso, “Simulation Study of Dose Enhancement in a Cell due to Nearby Carbon and Oxygen in Particle Radiotherapy”, Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 67, No. 1, July 2015, pp. 209∼217
  6. Gangliardi F, Franick R, Geso M, “High Resolution 3D Imaging of Synchrotron Generated Microbeams”, Med. Phys. 42(12), December 2015
  7. Wan NordianaRahman, StéphanieCorde, Naoto Yagi, SitiAishah Abdul Aziz, Nathan Annabell, Moshi Geso, “Optimal energy for cell radiosensitivity enhancement by gold nanoaprticles using synchrotron based mono-energetic photon beams, “Int. J Nanomedicine, 2014:9 2459–2467
  8. Gangiliardi F, Geso M, et al,“Dose variations caused by setup errors in intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy: a PRESAGE™ study." for consideration for publication in Medical Dosimetry”, Medical Dosimetry, 2014, “In Press”.
  9. L Ackerly, PhD; Moshi Geso, PhD, “Dose variations caused by setup errors in intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy: a PRESAGE”, Medical Dosimetry, accepted 2014.
  10. RamachandranPrabhakar, Ph.D. Richard Oates, M.Rad.Ther.,Daryl Jones, B.App.Sci.,Tomas Kron, Ph.D.,n† Jim Cramb, M.Sc.,n FarshadForoudi, M.D.,.,Moshi Geso, Ph.D.,andSuki Gill, “A study on planning organ at risk volume for the rectum using cone beam computed tomography in the treatment of prostate cancer” Medical Dosimetry 39 (2014) 38–43.
  11. 5. Hussain Al Mohiy, jenny Sim, Moshi Geso, et al, “A dose comparison survey in CT departments of paediatric hospitals in Australia and Saudi”, World J of Radiology, 2012 October 28,4(10):431-438. ISSN 1949-8470.
  12. Alqathami M,  Adamovics J, Benning R, Qiao G, Geso M, Blencowe A, Evaluation of ultra-sensitive leucomalachite dye derivatives for use in the PRESAGE® dosimeter. RadiatPhys Chem.(2013)-85-204-209.
  13. Geso M., Nanoparticle augmented radiation treatment decreases cancer cell proliferation “ Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biol, and Medicine-(2013)9-302-304.
  14. MamdoohAlqathami, Anton Blencowe, Rick Franich, Simon J. Doran, Greg Qiao, Moshi Geso “Radiation dose enhancement by bismuth oxide nanoparticles: A dosimetric study using a novel multi-compartment 3D radiochromic dosimeter”, the 7th international conference on 3D dosimetry, Sydney NSW 4-8. “Journal of Physics:444(2013)012025.PP:1-5.
  15. Joel Poder, MamdoohAlqathami, Nathan Annabell, Moshi Geso and Stephanie Corde” ROPES eye plaque dosimetry: commissioning and verification of an ophthalmic brachytherapy treatment planning system” the 7th international conference on 3D dosimetry, Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 444 (2013)012102.
  16. Wan NordianaRahman, et al Moshi Geso, “Polymer gels impregnated with gold nanoparticles implemented for measurements of radiation dose enhancement in synchrotron and conventional radiotherapy type beams” AustralasPhysEngSci Med (2012), 35, 301-309. Citation:3
  17. Alqathami M, Blencowe A, Qiao G, Adamovics J, Geso M. Optimizing the sensitivity and radiological properties of the PRESAGE® dosimeter using metal compounds. RadiatPhys Chem. 2012;81(11):1688-95. Citation: 7
  18. Alqathami M, Blencowe A, Qiao G, Butler D, Geso M. Optimization of the sensitivity and stability of the PRESAGE™ dosimeter using trihalomethane radical initiators. RadiatPhys Chem. 2012;81(7):867-73.
  19. Alqathami M, Blencowe A, Yeo UJ, Doran SJ, QiaoG,Geso M. Novel Multicompartment 3-Dimensional Radiochromic Radiation Dosimeters for Nanoparticle-Enhanced Radiation Therapy Dosimetry. International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics. 2012;84(4):e549-e55.
  20. Wan NordianaRahman, et al Moshi Geso, “Polymer gels impregnated with gold nanoparticles implemented for measurements of radiation dose enhancement in synchrotron and conventional radiotherapy type beams” AustralasPhysEngSci Med (2012), 35, 301-309. Citation: 3
  21. Annabell N., N. Yagi, K. Umetani, C. Wong, and M Geso, “Evaluating the peak-to-vally dose ratio of synchrotron microbeams using PRESAGE fluorescence”, 2012, J. Synhcrotron Rad., 19, 332-339.Citation: 5
  22. Ackerly T., Lancaster C.M., Geso M., and Roxby K.J., “Clinical accuracy of ExacTrac intracranial frameless stereotactic system”, Med Phys, 38(9), Sept. 2011. Citation: 12
  23. He J., O’Keefe G.J., and Geso M, “Study of motion gating in 3-D PET imaging by geometric sensitivity”, Int. J. of Innovative Computing, Info, and Control “ICIC”Vo..7, number 4, April 2011.
  24. Jackson P., Periasamay, Bansal V., and Geso M., “Evaluation of the effects of gold nanoparticle shape and size on contrast enhancement in radiological imaging”, J. AustralasPhysEngSci Med, Vol. 34, No. , June 2011, PP:251-261. Citation: 9
  25. He J., and Geso M, “A simple method of motion simulation by using GATE”, ICIC Express, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 2011.
  26. Razak H. R., NordinA.J., Ackerly T., Van Every B., Martin R., and Geso M., “Quantifying the effects of Iodine contrast media on standardised uptake values  of FDG PET/CT images: an anthropromorphic phantom study”, Australs, J PhysEng Sci. Med, DOI 10.1007/s13246-011-0088-y, July 2011.Citaiton: 3
  27. Rahman W N., Davidson R., Yagi N., Bansal V., and Geso M., “Influence of gold nanoparticles on radiation dose enhancement and cellular migration in microbeam-irradiated cells”, BioNanoSci, DOI 10.1007/s12668-011-0001-x, 2011.
  28. HairilRashmizal AR, Geso M, Noraini AR, and Abdul Jalil N., “The imaging characteristics of extrapulmonarytuberculous lesions on dual time point imaging (DTPI) of FDG PET/CT, Journal of Medical Imaging and radiation Oncology (JMIRO) 10th March 2011. Citation: 4
  29. HairilRashmizal AR, Geso M., Noraini AR, and Abdul Jalil N., “The effect of integrating contrast enhanced CT in FDG/CT imaging of extrapulmonaryTuberculousispatients:Preliminary data”, ANZ Nuclear Medicine 41(4),2010, PP:19-24. Citation: 0
  30. P.A. Jackson, W.N.W. A Rahman, C.J. Wong, T. Ackerly, M. Geso, “Potential dependent superiority of gold nanoparticles in comparison to iodinated contrast agents”, European Journal of Radiology, Vol.75, Issue 1, July 2010, PP:104-110.Citaiton: 30
  31. HairilRashmizal A R, Moshi Geso, Noraini A R, and Abdul Jalil N, “Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) can be used to Diffeerntiate between Tuberculosis and Cancer Where Other Modalities are Challenged”, SGM Med Jour (2010) 4(2):89-92.
  32. Rahman W N., Wong C., Yagi N., Davidson R., and Geso M, “Dosimetry and its enhancement using gold nanoparticles in synchrotron based microbeam and stereotactic radiosurgery”, Int. Conf. Med Appl of Synch radiation, American Instuitute of Physics, (2010), PP-107-11. Citation: 3
  33. Wong C.,J., et al.Moshi Geso, “Small field size dose profiles measurements using gel dosimeters, gafchromic films and microTLD dosimeters », Radiaiton Measurements, Vol. 44, issue #3, pages:249-256. 2010. Citation: 9
  34. *Rahman W., .. and M.Geso, ”Enhancement of radiation effects by gold nanoparticles for superficial radiation therapy”, Nanomedicine:nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine 5(2009)136-142. Citation: 85
  35. M. Geso, T. Ackerly, S. Brown, Z. Chua, C. He, C. J. Wong, C. E. Powell, A. Ho, G. Qiao, D. H. Solomon, W. Patterson, and J. M. Droege, “Determination of dosimetric perturbations caused by aneurysm clip in Stereotactic Radiosurgery using gel phantoms and EBT-Gafchromic films,” Medical Physics, vol. 35, pp. 744-752, 2008. Citation: 6
  36. He C.,M. Geso, T. Ackerly, and C. J. Wong, “Stereotactic dose perturbation from an aneurysm clip measured by GafchromicEBT film,” Journal of Australian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine, vol. 31, pp. 18-23, 2008. Citation: 6
  37. Jianfeng He, M. Geso, “A novel method for respiratory motion gated ..”, IEEE trans. Med. Imag, vol.5, #5,  2008, PP:2557-2565. Citation: 10
  38. He J., O’Keef G., Jones G., Saunder T., Gong S.J., and Geso Moshi, “Evaluation of Geometrical Sensitivity for respiratory Motion Gating by GATE and NCAT Simulation”, IEEE EMBS, August 2007 PP:4265-4168. Citation: 11
  39. Geso M., Ackerly T., Chua Z., Wong C., Powell C.E., Qiao G., Solomon D.H., Patterson W., and Groeg J., “determination of dosimetric perturbations caused by aneurysm clip in stereotactic radiosurgery using gel phantoms and EBT-Gafchromic films”, Med. Phys., Vo.33, PP:744-754, (2007).
  40. Wong, C.J., T. Ackerly, C. He, C.E. Powell, D.H. Solomon, G. Qiao, Geso, M*, “High resolution measurements of small field beams using polymer gels”, Applied Radiation and isotopes, Vol. 65, PP.1160-64, (2007). Citation: 9
  41. K.Williams, N. Robertson, and M. Geso, “ A Portable plastic scintillators for dose measurements of Intra Operative radiotherapy beams”, J. Med Phys , Vol.32, No.2, 2007. Citation: 3
  42. M.Geso, “Gold nanoparticles: a new x-ray contrast agent”, The British Journal of radiology,80(2007),64-66. Citation: 13
  43. C.J. Wong1, T. Ackerly1,2, B. Patterson3, C.E. Powell4, A. Ho4, G. Qiao4, D. H. Solomon4, R Meder5 and M. Geso1,“Microdosimetry and small field measurements in Polymer Gels” World Congress proceedings 2006 Korea.
  44. M. Geso1C J Wong1, T Ackerly1,2, D. Binns2, B. Patterson3, C.E. Powell4, G. Qiao4, D. H. Solomon4 ,”Photonuclear activation of oxygen & copper with high-energy x-ray or electron beams”, World Congress proceedings 2006 Korea
  45. K. Williams, N. Robinson, T Ackerly, R.Das, and M.Geso, “Organic plastic scintillators as dosimeters for the low energy x-rays of intrabeam radiotherapy”, Journal of Aust. Physical & Engineering Scientists in Medicine, Vol.28, no.2, June 2005.
  46. M. Geso*, M. Dashti, and J. Williams, “The effects of anaesthetics on cortical stimulation in rats: a functional MRI study”, Journal of the Australian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine”, Volume 28, number 1, March 2005, PP:21-27. Citation: 6
  47. M Geso, T. Ackerly, and W. Patterson, Improving radiochromic film'ssensitivity by wrapping it with UV phosphor,Med. Phys., Volume 31, Issue 5,May 2004. pp. 1014-1016. Citation: 6
  48. M Geso, N Robinson, W Schummer, and K Willaims, “Special type plastic scintillator for Sr-90 beta source used in cardiovascular brachytherapy”, Aust. Coll. Phys. Sci. & Engineers, Vol.27, #1, 2004,PP:5-10.




Autoimmune Journal Flyer