- Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering (1994), University of Montr´eal (E´ cole Polytechnique), Canada, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, advisor Prof. P. Cohen. Dissertation: Multiscale Extraction of Geometric Elements
- M.Sc. in Physics (1982), Laval University, Qu´ebec City, Canada, Department of Physics, advisor Prof. M. Baril.
Dissertation: Design of A New Multi-passage Mass Spectrometer
- B.Sc. in Engineering Physics (1980), Laval University, Qu´ebec City, Canada, Depart- ment of Engineering Physics.
Final Year Project: Design and Construction of a Multi-Channel Analyzer for an Electron
Three-Dimensional Computer Vision, Distributed Virtual Environments, Tele-Immersion, CAD Systems, Non-linear Systems, Physical Simulation, Geometrical Modeling, Reverse Engineering, Medical Imaging, Multimedia Systems, and Virtual Reality